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Civil Rights Legislation

 

Key Civil Rights Related Acts, Laws and Amendments to U.S. Constitution

 

* * * * * * * * * *

13th Amendment in 1865

abolished slavery, but did not give blacks equality.

 

Full text of the 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution

 

 

Click on photo

to view this Amendment,

the full Constitution

and all the other

Amendments

Civil Rights Act of 1866

"All persons shall have the same rights...to make and enforce contracts, to sue, be parties, give evidence, and to the full and equal benefit of all laws..."

 

Full text of the Civil Rights Act of 1866

History of the Civil Rights Act of 1866

 

 

The Civil Rights

Act of 1866

is debated in Congress

14th Amendment of 1868

"All persons born or naturalized in the US...are citizens...nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person...the equal protection of the laws."

 

Full text of the 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution

 

Click on photo

to view this Amendment,

the full Constitution

and all the other

Amendments

Plessy V. Ferguson - 1896

Court rules that schools are separate but not equal

 

1896 Supreme Court Decision

 

The 9 Supreme Court Justices that heard and decided the

Plessy v. Ferguson

Case in 1896

19th Amendment in 1920

"The rights of citizens...to vote shall not be denied or abridged...on account of sex."

 

Full text of the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution

 

 

Click on photo

to view this Amendment,

the full Constitution

and all the other

Amendments

Brown v. Board of Education -1954

Court rules that schools are separate but not equal

 

Landmark Supreme Court Decision

Racial Segregtion in Schools

 

Thurgood Marshall

with James Nabrit and George Hayes after their victory in the Brown v. Board of Ed case

 May 17 1954.

Civil Rights Act of 1957

Prohibits sex-based pay differentials on jobs.

 

Full text of the Civil Rights Act of 1957
History of the Civil Rights Act of 1957

 

 

President

Dwight D. Eisenhower

signs the

Civil Rights Act

of 1957

Civil Rights Act of 1960

 

Full text of the Civil Rights Act of 1960
History of the Civil Rights Act of 1960

 

Newspaper headline

hails the passing

of the Civil Rights Act

of 1960

Civil Rights Act of 1964

Title VII prohibits employment discrimination based on race, sex, national origin, or religion. Title VI prohibits public access discrimination, leading to desegregation.

 

Full text of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
History of the Civil Rights Act of 1964

President Lyndon Johnson

signs the Civil Rights Act of 1964

Executive Order 11246 of 1965

Affirmative action requirements of government

contractors and subcontractors.

 

Full text of Executive Order 11246

 

Executive

order 11246

prohibited the government from doing business with companies that discriminate

Voting Rights Act of 1965

 

Full text of the Voting Rights Act of 1965

Federal Voting Rights Laws

President Johnson

signs the 1965

Voting Rights Act as

Dr. Martin Luther

King, Jr.

looks on

1967 ADEA

Prohibits age discrimination for 40-65 year olds, amended in 1986 to remove the 65 year old age cap.

 

Text of the Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967

 

A law that

protects senior citizens who

are still in the

work force

Fair Housing Act of 1968

Requires accessibility for disabled in buildings and facilities financed with federal funds.

 

Fair Housing Act

History of the Fair Housing Act of 1968

 

 

 

Logo used to identify Real Estate agencies and other

companies that

abide by theFair Housing Act

504 of the Rehab Act of 1973

Bars federal contractors or subcontractors from employment discrimination on the basis of disability.

 

Full text of Section 504 of the Rehab Act of 1973

 

 

 

Disabled Americans

get more protection

against discrimination

Fair Housing Amendments of 1988 Disabled access required for multi-family housing intended for first occupancy after March 13, 1991.

 

Full text of Fair Housing Amendments of 1988

Equal opportunity housing for the disabled

Americans with Disabilities Act

Title I prohibits disability discrimination by employers. Titles II and III require disability access in all places of public accommodation and business for first occupancy after January 26, 1993

 

Full Text of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990

 

 

 

Logo designed

for the Americans

with Disabilities

Act of 1990

Civil Rights Act of 1991

Adds to Title VII protections, including right to jury trial.

 

Full text of the Civil Rights Act of 1991

 

 

The Civil Rights

Act of 1991

was signed into law

by President

George Bush

Civil Rights Act of 2004

 

Full text of the Civil Rights Act of 2004

 

Rep. Rosa DeLauro speaks at  news conference announcing the the Civil Rights Act of 2004.

 

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